The Philippines is a partner country of 2015, and the local counterpart institution, the Department of Agriculture (DA), is performing the project on "Enhancing Agricultural Mechanization through Efficient Land Reformation."
Value Chain Analysis of the Uzbekistan Cherry Industry
The Korean KAPEX Implementation team organized by the Korea Rural Economic Institute (KREI) visited Uzbekistan from in February, 2017 for the purpose of working out the details of a joint research (JR) on “A Value Chain Analysis of the Uzbekistan Cherry Industry”. During its visit, KREI had a series of discussions with the Scientific-Research Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Winemaking named after academician M.Mirzaev (SRI) with respect to the desirable measures to be taken by both Parties for the successful implementation of the JR.
A JR team has been organized and composed of experts from KREI and SRI with involving of independent experts. A JR was realized from May to September 2017 with a financial support of KREI.
The responsibilities of the JR team were predicted as:
-identifying the most critical areas for value chain of the Samarkand cherry industry;
-implementing extensive survey(s) and study;
-deriving issues and problems;
-recommending measures to initiate policy programs to address the problems
-formulating proposals for future Official Development Assistance projects based on the outcomes.
In addition, relevant information and data will be consolidated for the future collaboration.
An Uzbek part of JR team was responsible for the full cycle of JR. Korean experts in the field of value chain have provided necessary technical guidance and advices.
Moreover, one member of JR team from Uzbekistan has been invited to the KAPEX Academy in Korea for 3 months in order to use Korean approaches, methods and tools for assessing the value chain of agricultural products. This was an important step further achieving the best high-standards results of JR.
This chapter shortly describes the current statement of fruits production in Uzbekistan. In particular, plant area, harvest volume, the potential of Uzbek fruits export by destination and the place of Uzbekistan on international and foreign markets. The background of the Joint Research (JR) is describes the main policy steps toward improvement fruit sector in Uzbekistan. Problem statement, main and specific objects as well as methodology of JR is also described here.
2. THEORETICAL APPROACHES FOR VALUE CHAIN
This chapter describes the basic theoretical approaches to value chain. International definition of value chain, its actors and difficulties on international, regional and local levels also exposed by this chapter. The chapter also proposes key elements for the investigation and assessment of developing country value chains by discussing the potential contribution of four theoretical streams in the literature. Based on theoretical streams and the constraints to value chain upgrading, a framework for value chain analysis in developing countries also included in this chapter.